Monday, March 4, 2013

Report on Moroccan Migrants: Skills, Destination Countries, Motivations

A new report has been released by the European Training Foundation (ETF) that sheds some light on the lives of Moroccan migrants. Here is an article about the report from the ENPI Information and Communication Support Project.

Morocco: new report sheds light on link between skills and migration
Forty-two per cent of Moroccans would like to emigrate, but only 9% have the proper information, documents and money to do so, according to the results of the largest study of migration in Morocco to date, released by the European Training Foundation (ETF) today.  Of those that did leave, 62% said they learnt a language or acquired other technical or professional skills while abroad, the survey found.
The study “Migration and skills” combined desk research with a survey of 2,600 potential emigrants and 1,400 labour migrants who returned to the country.
The purpose of the study is to contribute to the improvement of migration policies both in the EU and Morocco by providing high-quality data and analysis. The ETF has carried out similar studies in Albania, Egypt, Tunisia, Ukraine and Tajikistan (2006-08) and Armenia and Georgia (2011-12).
The report was released at a seminar in Rabat attended by key Moroccan institutions – Ministry of Employment and Vocational Training, Ministry in charge of the Moroccans Living Abroad - as well as the representatives of the EU and researchers.
Morocco has a long history of labour migration to Europe dating back several decades. Currently there are some 3 million Moroccans who have left their country and live abroad, of whom four out of ten are women. 
Key facts and figures from the study: 
  • 42% Moroccans declare intention to emigrate; regions where highest number of people declares intent to migrate are Agadir (52%) and Marrakesh (49%)
  • Only 9% of the potential migrants has proper information, documents and money to emigrate
  • The main destinations are France (32% of returnees), Spain (21%), and Italy (15%)
  • Moroccans prefer long-term emigration: 53% of returnees stayed abroad more than 7 years
  • Economic situation is the main declared reason for migration, but the level of economic well-being doesn’t influence the propensity to migration
  • Most migrants work in hotels and restaurants, in construction and agriculture
  • 60% of returnees worked at the time of the survey, while only 46% of potential migrants had a job, which suggest migration’s positive impact on employability
  • 31% of returnees, mainly those with higher education, benefited from training while abroad
  • 62% of migrants said they learnt a language or acquired other technical or professional skills, but only one third of migrants had their Moroccan qualifications officially recognised
  • Some 45% migrants worked without contract abroad, which limited their entitlement to welfare or pension
  • Migration doesn’t improve the standard of living of the returnees: 74% of them were poor
  • Returnees are more entrepreneurial: 26% of returnees have their own business (compared to 20% among the rest) and 20% employ workers (compared with 7% among the rest)
  • There is little awareness of the government’s programmes for migrants
  • Moroccans return to their country mainly for family reasons (26%); only 5% come back to invest

No comments:

Post a Comment